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Fitting Solid Wood Flooring: A Comprehensive Guide


Embarking on the journey of fitting solid wood flooring can seem like a formidable task. However, the timeless beauty and durability of wood flooring make the process worth every effort. This guide provides a deep dive into fitting solid wood flooring, ensuring that you're well-equipped with the knowledge to bring your vision to life.

The Foundations of Fitting:

Fitting a solid wood floor is more than just aligning planks. It requires meticulous planning, understanding the wood's nature, and mastering the techniques that ensure longevity.

Pre-Fitting Considerations:

  1. Subfloor Examination: Before laying your solid wood, ensure the subfloor is clean, dry, and level. This will aid in a smoother installation and prolonged floor lifespan.

  2. Acclimatization: Wood, being a natural material, reacts to environmental changes. Store the flooring in the room where it will be installed for several days, allowing it to acclimatize and minimize post-installation expansion or contraction.

  3. Room Measurements: Accurately measure the room to calculate the amount of wood required, considering some extra mistakes or future repairs.

Tools of the Trade:

Equip yourself with the right tools:

  • Tape measure
  • Carpenter’s square
  • Wood saw
  • Floor spacers
  • Tapping block
  • Pull bar
  • Mallet

Fitting Techniques:

  1. Glue Down: Suitable for both concrete and wooden subfloors, this method involves using a strong adhesive to bond the wood flooring to the subfloor. It provides stability and reduces floor noise.

  2. Nail Down: Ideal for wooden subfloors, this involves using nails or staples to secure the wood planks. Pre-drilled pilot holes might be necessary for certain hardwoods.

  3. Floating: Rather than being attached to the subfloor, the planks are fitted together. An underlay is placed between the subfloor and wood, offering cushioning and insulation.

Step-by-Step Installation:

  1. Prepare the Subfloor: Ensure it's clean, dry, and free from debris.

  2. Lay the Underlay: If you’re using the floating method, roll out your underlay in the direction the wood will be laid.

  3. Starting Point: Begin laying your floorboards parallel to the longest wall, leaving an expansion gap around the perimeter.

  4. Laying the Planks: Apply adhesive (if gluing) and lay the first plank down. Interlock the next plank's end and continue this pattern.

  5. Staggering Seams: To give a natural appearance, stagger the seams of adjacent rows.

  6. Finishing Touches: Once all planks are laid, add skirting boards or beading to cover the expansion gap.

Post-Installation Care:

  1. Avoid Immediate Traffic: Allow the floor to settle, especially if glued.

  2. Initial Cleaning: Clean the floor gently without using excess water.

  3. Ventilation: Keep the room well-ventilated for a few days to disperse any lingering adhesive odors.

Benefits of Professional Installation:

While many opt for a DIY approach, hiring professionals can offer:

  • Efficiency: Quicker installation time.
  • Expertise: Solutions for unexpected challenges.
  • Guaranteed Results: Reduced risk of errors.


  1. Gaps Between Planks: Caused by lack of acclimatization or not leaving an expansion gap. Prevention is key.

  2. Creaking Sounds: Can be due to an uneven subfloor or lack of underlay.

Maintenance Insights:

Once fitted, ensure:

  • Regular sweeping or vacuuming.
  • Immediate cleaning of spills.
  • Using felt protectors under furniture.
  • Periodic refinishing, depending on wear and tear.


Fitting solid wood flooring is an art form, blending meticulous planning with skillful execution. When done correctly, the result is a timeless and durable floor that offers warmth, beauty, and elegance.

If you have queries, need more detailed advice, or are seeking professionals to assist with your solid wood flooring installation, please get in touch. We're committed to ensuring every plank in your floor is perfectly placed.